MindReader: Recommendation over Knowledge Graph Entities with Explicit User Ratings

Anders Brams, Anders Jakobsen, Theis Jendal, Matteo Lissandrini, Peter Dolog and Katja Hose

Abstract :

Knowledge graphs have been integrated in several models of recommendation to augment the informational value of an item by means of its related entities in the graph. Yet, existing datasets only provide explicit ratings on items and no information is provided about user opinions of other (non-recommendable) entities. To overcome this limitation, we introduce a new dataset, called the MindReader, providing explicit user ratings both for items and for knowledge graph entities. In this first version, the MindReader dataset provides more than 102 thousands explicit ratings collected from 1,174 real users on both items and entities from a knowledge graph in the movie domain. This dataset has been collected through an online interview application that we also release open source. As a demonstration of the importance of this new dataset, we present a comparative study of the effect of the inclusion of ratings on non-item knowledge graph entities in a variety of state-of-the-art recommendation models. In particular, we show that most models, whether designed specifically for graph data or not, see improvements in recommendation quality when trained on explicit non-item ratings. Moreover, for some models, we show that non-item ratings can effectively replace item ratings without loss of recommendation quality. This finding, thanks also to an observed greater familiarity of users towards common knowledge graph entities than towards long-tail items, motivates the use of knowledge graph entities for both warm and cold-start recommendations.


MindReader: Recommendation over Knowledge Graph Entities with Explicit User Ratings.”
Proceedings of the Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM 2020) (pp. 2975-2982).

  author = {Brams, Anders H. and Jakobsen, Anders L. and Jendal, Theis E. and Lissandrini, Matteo and Dolog, Peter and Hose, Katja},
  title = {MindReader: Recommendation over Knowledge Graph Entities with Explicit User Ratings},
  year = {2020},
  isbn = {9781450368599},
  publisher = {Association for Computing Machinery},
  address = {New York, NY, USA},
  url = {https://doi.org/10.1145/3340531.3412759},
  doi = {10.1145/3340531.3412759},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the 29th ACM International Conference on Information & Knowledge Management},
  pages = {2975–2982},
  numpages = {8},
  keywords = {knowledge graph, dataset, recommender systems, content-based filtering, collaborative filtering},
  location = {Virtual Event, Ireland},
  series = {CIKM '20}